Men and women sculptures from Nikaia

Thesis Type: Postgraduate

Institution Of The Thesis: Bursa Uludağ University, Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü, Turkey

Approval Date: 2019

Thesis Language: Turkish

Student: Murat Akın



The city of Nikaia (İznik) both in terms of its location and topography appears as a city with fertile plains and a large lake. Its proximity to the regions which have been intensively inhabited during the settlement process in Anatolia has enabled the city to have permanent settlements. When the ancient period is examined, the city has entirely developed with its proximity to the cities of Nicomedia and Constantinople, and it has become the capital of the Eastern Roman (Byzantine), Anatolian Seljukian and Ottoman Empires. As such, many works of art have been made with the development of urban culture and art, and some of them have been preserved until today. During the Ancient Period, which is also the subject of this research, architectural and artistic activities were intensively executed due to these developments. In this research, social life and the effect of empires on the expansion, areas are aimed to be understood through a large number of sculptures found in the city and transferred to the museum. In this research examining women and men sculptures, portraits, and statues of Hellenistic Period, Roman Republic Period, Roman Imperial Period and Late Roman-Early Byzantine Period are studied. In some of the works, traces showing the reprocessing of a previously produced sculpture were found, and complexities were also taken into consideration in the periodical context. Late reprocessing of the sculptures produced during AD 1st-2nd centuries, during the strongest era of the Roman Imperial Period, indicates that the city and the state were economically weakened. As a result of this study, the male and female sculpture found in the city were dated, and the economic and administrative power of the city was periodically determined.