Istanbul higher teacher training school (İstanbul Yüksek Öğretmen Okulu) model in teacher education (1924-2978)


Thesis Type: Doctorate

Institution Of The Thesis: Bursa Uludağ University, EĞİTİM BİLİMLERİ ENSTİTÜSÜ, Turkey

Approval Date: 2019

Thesis Language: Turkish

Student: Sabri Becerikli

Supervisor: MUAMMER DEMİREL

Abstract:

The present study aims to investigate the organizational, administrative and academic structure of Istanbul Higher Teacher Training School (İstanbul Yüksek Öğretmen Okulu), an important model in training high school teachers in Turkey's history education. In the study, document analyses were performed using the Ottoman archives, the Republican archives, the archives of the Higher Teacher Training School and the relevant laws and regulations. As a result of the analyses, the stages of the Higher Teacher Training School in the historical process: establishment and development, the changes in the structure of the School, program changes, problems experienced and achievements of the School were revealed. The Higher Teacher Training School, while preserving the traditions of Dârülmuallimîn (Male Teacher Training School) from the Ottoman era, was an institution that trained high school teachers in Turkey and that the subject area courses were taught at the University and the professional courses were taught at the School just like the model in France. The School that was opened in 1924 under the name of the Higher Teacher Training School (Yüksek Muallim Mektebi) entered a process of closure in 1978 with the decision not to enroll students. It is possible to analyze the school into two periods: The Higher Teacher Training School only admitted the students, until 1964, who had graduated from high school. From this date on, mostly the final grade students who were successful in the primary teacher school and partially high school graduates who got a place a university were admitted. The students of the Higher Teacher Training School were sent to study at the Faculties of Science and Literature. The students who took the subject courses at the university took a number of professional courses at the the Higher Teacher Training School such as educational psychology, educational sociology, general teaching methods, and educational organization and management. The last year of the the Higher Teacher Training School, a four-year and boarding school, was assigned for internship. All the needs of the students were met by the State. The graduates of the the Higher Teacher Training School were mostly employed at high schools and universities.