Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten’s aesthetics as the science of sensitive cognition


Thesis Type: Postgraduate

Institution Of The Thesis: Bursa Uludağ University, Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü, Turkey

Approval Date: 2009

Thesis Language: Turkish

Student: Nesrin Atasoy Sınmaz

Supervisor: IŞIK EREN

Abstract:

For Baumgarten who introduces aesthetics as a philosophical discipline to the theoretic grounds, the prior importance becomes validating the individuality of “sensitive cognition.” Baumgarten abiding the word “Aesthetics” to be with its base meaning as “relating to sense, perceive and emotion”, “understood as emotionally,” he uses the term as a theory of beauty. The reason for doing so is that Baumgarten takes the question of beauty in a gnoseological project, and in reliance on the requirements of such project. To Baumgarten, on the one hand, there exists mind knowledge (cognitio rationis) based on cognitive thoughts, and on the other hand, there exists sense knowledge (cognitio sensitiva) based on blurred perceptions. The former is superior gnoseology (gnoseologia superior) which finds its rightfulness or necessity in logic and mathematics, and the latter is inferior gnoseology (gnoseologia inferior) finds its competence in aesthetics. What Baumgarten desires to create, as the science of sensitive cognition or the science of the senses, sets itself on beauty or beautiful. What, also, he desires to realise, while questioning the knowledge gained by senses, is the “art of thinking on beauty” (ars pulchre cogitandi) as he lays his discipline of the “perfection of the sensual” gathered via senses