Suspicion and certainty about mental knowledgeat Gazali and Ibn Rüşd


Thesis Type: Doctorate

Institution Of The Thesis: Bursa Uludağ University, Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü, Turkey

Approval Date: 2019

Thesis Language: Turkish

Student: Hafsa Taşkın

Supervisor: MEHMET FATİH BİRGÜL

Abstract:

In our study titled "Doubt and certainty about mental knewledge in Gazali and rush" two names at the beginning of one of the Islamic historical planning interpreted using their mental knowledge. According to Ghazali; The beliefs that come from imitation are five senses and minds. According to El-Munkız's thinker, the ones that come to imitation, that is before human beings, are accepted as a result of questioning. Ghazali will then test the five senses and minds, which are sources of information about what is human being, in the room. According to him, the five senses are not reliable because they mislead you. Although it is more accurate than the five senses, the mind is not reliable when looking for the risk of error. At that time, the only information one can rely on is the knowledge that is above the mind. This is a mystical experience or discovery. According to Ibn Rushd, the five senses are different from the mind, that is, they acquire particular and concrete knowledge. It's perfectly normal. This represented a stage in the path of the intellectuals, a deficiency of the five senses in the formation of knowledge. The mind is separated from the five senses by acquiring abstract and universal knowledge. According to Ibn Rushd, we express their minds when truth is based on precursors. This is the taste of the method called burhan. According to the thinker, religion and mind are different from each other, but contrast the two truths.