Hisham b. Hakam’s understanding of divinity

Thesis Type: Postgraduate

Institution Of The Thesis: Bursa Uludağ University, SOSYAL BİLİMLER ENSTİTÜSÜ, Turkey

Approval Date: 2019

Thesis Language: Turkish

Student: Mücahit Beşenk



Although there was no doubt about God's existence in the early Shi'ite, there was no common opinion about God's nature. In the first period of Shi'a, where tashbih (anthropomorphism) and tajsim (corporealism/materialization) were dominant, there were various imaginations of god. Hisham b. Hakam advocated the idea of tajsim in such an environment. But his conception of tajsim is not a conception of anthropomorphic god. According to him tajsim means that existence of God and his having a space. Hisham who expresses his views with mental inferences, understood the verses superficially and supported his views with nass (Quran and Sunnah). With the same method he advocated that God's knowledge was not eternal. Although his marginalized ideas were attempted to be purified by Shi'i authors for the later period the fact that these unconventional opinions were passed in the credible Shia sources and existence of different variants of these views under the name of Hishamiyya sect shows that Hisham couldn't be completely purified from his marginal views.