Dervish lodges of Amasya


Thesis Type: Postgraduate

Institution Of The Thesis: Bursa Uludağ University, Turkey

Approval Date: 2019

Thesis Language: Turkish

Student: Tolga Aydın

Co-Supervisor: Doğan Yavaş, DOĞAN YAVAŞ

Abstract:

The migration movement that started with the Turks who arrived in Anatolia from Central Asia had an active role in the urban development of Amasya. The City of Amasya acts a choke point in Anatolia with its unique position. The protection offered by the mountains to the plain which they were surrounded caused the city to be conquered by many civilizations throughout the ages. Among the arrivals from the Central Asia there are dervishes who came by their ratifications. These dervishes had played a major role in the conquest and settlement of Anatolia. They also have been the pioneers for the later Turkish arrivals to Anatolia. The arrival and settlement of the Central Asian dervishes to Amasya happened in the Sultanate of Rum Period. The tradition of hankah which was established in Central Asia by the Great Seljuk Empire can also be found in Anatolia. Based on this tradition the first Dervish Lodge of Amasya has been established in the Sultanate of Rum period. These hankahs were assigned to the dervishes from the Central Anatolia in which they gave sermons. They also thought the way of their religious to their murids, eventually making them murshids. This adventure which started with the Sultanate of Rum continued in the later Turkish states with the same activity. Among these states Ottoman Empire is the one with the largest number of dervish lodges built. The practice of building dervish lodges in Amasya by the statesmen for the great religious orders in order to teach Islamic mysticism caused Amasya to be mentioned as "The City of Saints". In this work I have tried to locate the lodges in question which were the embodiment of the mysticist movement on the city that started with the Turkish period, by using contemporary sources and field work, trying the locate surviving or destroyed ones. Also the detail information regarding these lodges were given and the structures were examined by the art history methodology. The information gained from the sources were examined on marked on the map.