Shirvanshahs in XIV-XVI. centuries (House of Derbent)

Thesis Type: Postgraduate

Institution Of The Thesis: Uludağ Üniversitesi, Turkey

Approval Date: 2016

Thesis Language: Turkish




Shirvanshahs in XIV-XVI. Centuries (House of Derbent) At the beggining of VI. century, northern territory of Azerbaijan was occupied by Sasanian Empire. Sasanians formed a new goverment presided over by a governer titled as "Shirvanshah" in Shirvan region of Azerbaijan. After having been conquered by Muslims in the time of Caliph Omar b. al-Hattab, Shirvansahs state became an independent state connected to the Caliph. In the time of governor Yazid bin Mazyad, Mazyad family, which is from Shaybani branch of Arab Rabia tribe, came to the dominant position. In XI. century, Shirvanshahs of Mazyad family, to forgo their Arab identity, emerged allegedly descended from the Sasanians, by taking the name "kasranids". In XIV. century, Shirvanshah state started to rule by another branch of the same famiy called "Darbandids". In 1500, after Shah Ismail defeated Shirvanshahs, became dependent to Safavid State. Shirvanshah dynasty came to an end in 1539.