Jean Paul Sartre's sense of freedom


Thesis Type: Postgraduate

Institution Of The Thesis: Uludağ Üniversitesi, Turkey

Approval Date: 2018

Thesis Language: Turkish

Student: NEJLA AKKOÇ

Supervisor: IŞIK EREN

Abstract:

The question of freedom is one of the most important issues starting with the history of mankind. Many philosophers and writers in the history of philosophy have had to deal with the problem of freedom from the moment they began to consider human beings as species. As a matter of fact, Jean Paul Sartre, who lives in the twentieth century and reflects on the problems of the time he lived, deeply influenced society with his thoughts and actions. Sartre's idea of freedom is based on his understanding of human beings, on the basis of which there is an understanding of being. Sartre, trying to shape and to make sense of the human being around his own being and the idea of being in himself, revealed his understanding of freedom within this framework.What is human existence? What is the nature of man as a species? Because one of the foundations of the concept of freedom is both a demand and a possibility of human beings, what are their possibilities? Sartre, who gets into trouble with the questions of his kind, deals with man as freedom on the basis of being. Considering freedom as a structure and texture of human existence, Sartre says that from the moment that there is one, it is free, that it exists, and that it is the same as it is free. Human beings are totally free from beginning to end. The person of consciousness who has left himself in this world and finds it extra, will re-establish itself with his actions and choices because the essence is not predetermined. At this point, Sartre, who says that man is condemned to freedom, does not mean freedom or freedom in an absolute sense. The person is responsible for all his actions, not only in his own name, but in the name of all humanity. Sartre moved this concept of responsibility, which the man has, from a particular point of view into a holistic space.