Social reality in Ibn Taymiyyah’s understanding of figh


Thesis Type: Postgraduate

Institution Of The Thesis: Bursa Uludağ University, SOSYAL BİLİMLER ENSTİTÜSÜ, Turkey

Approval Date: 2020

Thesis Language: Turkish

Student: Meryem Kılıç

Supervisor: MEHMET SALİH KUMAŞ

Abstract:

Islamic law, which is involved in genius social events in the process of scientific formation and cannot be considered independent of it, has directed the innovations it has faced in line with its own purpose. Because Islam is not open to innovations contrary to its purpose and intention, it is open to innovations in the means to realize them. Its “flexibility” feature requires the immutable core to take different forms according to different environments. Because the goal of Islamic law created by the evil rules can meet individual and social needs. Moreover, in order to realize the aim of Islamic law, which is also a social institution, there should be no disconnection between its rules and social reality. In this study, while trying to show that Islamic law takes social reality into consideration, we tried to reveal whether Ibn Taymiyyah considers this reality in his understanding of fiqh and his fatwas. We tried to address the principle of maslahat which is a social resource in the fatwas of Ibn Taymiyyah. In doing so, we tried to present examples from his fatwas and particular works, which are important indicators of social reality.