Şerhu'l-Akāid Hâşiyelerinde Varlık ve Ulûhiyyet


Thesis Type: Doctorate

Institution Of The Thesis: Bursa Uludağ University, İLAHİYAT FAKÜLTESİ, TEMEL İSLAM BİLİMLERİ, Turkey

Approval Date: 2023

Thesis Language: Turkish

Student: HASAN SEFA TURAN

Supervisor: Ulvi Murat Kılavuz

Abstract:

This study deals with the commentary named Shar al-ʿAqāʾid written by the Ashʻarī theologian al-Taftāzānī to the ʿAqāʾid treatise of Umar al-Nasafī, a Māturīdī scholar, and some important hāshiyahs written on this shar. In the hands of al- Taftāzānī, al-Nasafī's short and concise treatise has assumed the status of an introductory work to philosophical kalām and has become one of the fundamental texts in the curriculum of education in various regions of the Islamic world. The fact that the work is so well received has laid the groundwork for many sharstudies on it. These hāshiyahs did not only explain the obscure aspects of the text, but also turned into independent works in which the muḥashshīs expound their own theological approaches. In this respect, eight hāshiyahs to be taken as a basis for the study have been determined. These are hāshiyahs written by al-Khayālī, al-Siyālkūtī, Muṣliḥ al-Dīn al-Kastalī, Ramaḍān ibn Muḥammad al-Ḥanafī, ʻIṣām al-Dīn al-Isfarāyīnī, Ibn Abī Sharīf, al-Biqāʿī, and Zakariyyā al-Anṣārī.

Sharḥ al-ʿAqāʾid and the mentioned hāshiyahs are the products of the period in which the science of kalām included philosophical issues. Thus the muḥashshīs continued this approach of the period in their hāshiyahs. In particular, the issues of existence and divinity are discussed in more detail. So much so that the fundamental differences of Peripatetic philosophy developed through these issues. Therefore, the study was shaped on the basis of ontology and divinity issues. For instance, by comparing the idea of existent in general, and the ways in which physical beings are understood between the kalam and philosophy traditions in particular, the views of Shāriḥ and muḥashshīs on this subject have been tried to be determined. In terms of divinity issues, the negative and substantive attributes attributed to Allah are handled through the Shāriḥ, and attention is drawn to the transformations and changes in the post-classical period kalām.